Breaking: Bank of England increases interest rates by 0.25% to 0.75%

August 2, 2018

Interest rates have been increased from 0.5% to 0.75% by the Bank of England – taking them to their highest level for nearly a decade.

It is only the only the second time the Bank has hiked the cost of borrowing since the economy crashed 10 years ago.

Most economic commentators were expecting the increase and markets appear to have already factored it in.

The Bank’s rate-setting monetary policy committee (MPC) unanimously decided the economy could cope with a higher base rate. The increase is aimed at curbing inflation, which has stayed stubbornly above the 2% target set by the government despite sluggish economic growth.

The 0.25% increase mean an additional £12 a month for a typical £100,000 repayment mortgage. However, nearly 70% of homebuyers now have fixed-rate mortgages. 

The Bank’s last interest rate rise took place in November last year when it was increased from a record low of 0.25% to 0.5%.

Bank governor Mark Carney has hinted several times since then that further hikes would be needed – but the MPC had sat on its hands until today due to the mixed economic outlook. 

Today Mr Carney said further increases would be “limited and gradual” – economists now think they could take place but at a rate of one a year.

CBI principal economist Alpesh Paleja said the case for another rate rise had been building, with inflationary pressures stoked by a tight labour market and many indicators now suggesting that weak activity in the first quarter of 2018 was a blip. 

Business groups are divided over the increase. 

CBI principal economist Alpesh Paleja said the case for another rate rise had been building, with inflationary pressures stoked by a tight labour market and many indicators now suggesting that weak activity in the first quarter of 2018 was a blip.

“The Monetary Policy Committee has signalled further rate rises over the next few years, if the economy evolves as they expect. These are likely to be very slow and limited, particularly over the next year as uncertainty around Brexit takes its toll on business investment,” he said. 

However, the Institute of Directors (IoD) said the Bank had “jumped the gun” by raising the rate now while the British Chambers of Commerce (BCC) described it as “ill-judged” and risked undermining confidence.

The IoD said: “The rise threatens to dampen consumer and business confidence at an already fragile time.

“Growth has remained subdued, and the recent partial rebound is the least that could be expected after the lack of progress in the year's first quarter.”

The BCC said: “The decision to raise interest rates, while expected, looks ill-judged against a backdrop of a sluggish economy. While a quarter point rise may have a limited long-term financial impact on most businesses, it risks undermining confidence at a time of significant political and economic uncertainty.

“The increase reinforces a concerning aspect of the Bank of England’s recent approach to monetary policy, which appears to be overly focused on reinforcing an idealised direction for rates, rather than on economic reality – an approach that unnecessarily risks UK’s growth prospects.

“The central bank’s assumption that the economy’s speed limit has slowed is unduly pessimistic, as sustained action to fix the fundamentals at home, from closing the skills gap to greater infrastructure investment, would materially help lift the UK’s growth potential.

“The MPC must carefully consider what happens next. The most preferential option would be for a sustained period of monetary stability amid the current economic and political uncertainty.”

David Westgate, group chief executive at West of England estate agency and property group Andrews said the move was “very unlikely” to cause any shock waves in the property market.


“We mustn’t forget that rates are still at a record low and have been for 10 Years.  Indeed, we should remind ourselves that back in 2008, before the economic dip, the base rate was around 5%! 


“What this means, is that in recent times, many people have opted for fixed-rate mortgages to take advantage of these historically low rates. Mortgages on floating rates, meanwhile, that would be subject to adjustment after today’s announcement are currently at a record low. Many borrowers are, therefore, protected against any resultant uplift in mortgage costs.


“In terms of property values, irrespective of today’s news, we are already seeing a natural adjustment in pricing across many of our operating areas and this is quite simply because property costs are related to affordability. Confidence continues to underpin the property market and consumers should, therefore, still view a property purchase as a medium to long term investment.”

More business reaction to the increase follows . . .

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